Monday 15th of April 2024

Turkey’s Aim in Mosul Free from Daesh
Sanjay Pradhan
Region : Middle East-North Africa/Turkey,
Issue : Security, Terrorism,
Recently one of article published in ‘Daily Sabah’ newspaper in Turkey “Turkey plays game-changer role in Mosul operation”. Writer Nagehan Alci expressed her views about the Turkey’s moves in Mosul (Iraq). She explores that turkey’s main aim in Mosul to stabilize the region and removed the DAES and ISIS. On 15th Oct evening, the U.S. and coalition forces kicked off an air operation in Mosul. Which has been under the occupation of Daesh very long time? Now, determining when the land operation will begin and who will be involved in the operation is of crucial importance. The Iraqi government argues that it will be the sole authority to declare when the operation will start and has reacted harshly to the involvement of the Turkish Forces in the operation, an attitude which the U.S. supports.
However, since December 2015, the Turkish forces have been the most influential of the state forces fighting against Daesh around Mosul. So far, the Turkish Forces has conducted 3,537 artillery shellings with T-155 Fırtına howitzers, 1,128 tank cannon shootings and more than 1,000 howitzer shellings, targeting positions in Mosul's north and northeast, killing 690 Daesh militants according to the writer research. The armed forces also destroyed buildings, vehicles and ammunition used by the militants. In brief, the Turkish forces have played a significant role in weakening Daesh presence in the region. However, at this key turning point when a new administration is about to be established with the purging of the terrorist organization from the city of Mosul, Iraq wishes to omit Turkey from the equation. Military forces are steadily preparing for the ensuing land operation in Mosul. Even though Iraq is in shambles and stays under the protection and occupation of coalition forces, the Iraqi army, which has no de facto power and is essentially incapable of protecting its own people or its territory, now, wants to lead the Mosul operation in an ironic attempt to assert its own strength as if none of these problems existed. Of course, it is uncertain to what extent one can refer to the Iraqi army as an institution or an identity. According to her, Iran wishes to control the Mosul operation in accordance with its own goals, manipulating the Iraqi army with aims to overrun Mosul's Sunni population with Shiite power. If these goals are realized, they would be met by serious resistance from the people, resulting in tremendous losses. We must remember that despite being the most dangerous terrorist organization in the world, Daesh relies on the downtrodden situation of the Sunnis to garner its public support in the regions it controls. Turkey has long experience to fight terrorist organization such as PKK now reports coming for media that Daesh has closed all roads and bridges in Mosul and planted explosives on the left side of the Tigris River. It is also alleged that 3,500 fighters are ready for the battle in the city.
The group's resistance efforts have been ongoing in full spate in the city. In local mosques, civilians are told not to leave the city. The people of Mosul are caught between two evils... Those who arrived there as supposed saviors are actually more interested in engaging in the regional power struggle than saving the people of Mosul. Otherwise, why would the Iraqi government oppose the presence of a strong army, which would, as we have seen in Syria, help to accelerate the process of purging Daesh from Mosul? The involvement of the Turkish army, which has helped train peshmerga forces in Bashiqa, would make things easier. But the purpose of the Mosul Operation is not that simple and easy. Writer interestingly elaborate that the Mosul Operation to establish peace and stability for the people.

The Mosul operation is likely to be tough and long standing. As Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan told journalists in an interview conducted in his jet while returning from a visit to China, Turkey wants to participate in the operation, fight against the regional terrorist groups and endeavor to prevent the disturbance of the Shiite-Sunni balance. At this phase, our ally Barzani's peshmerga forces and the forces trained by the TSK in Bashiqa are also important components of the operation. It has to be clear whether Turkey will be involved in the operation due to the U.S.'s swinging politics with regard to Turkey's clear stance against the Iraqi government. So, the operation has begun without Ankara. No denying the facts that Turkish troops have been stationed in the area for more than a year, training local militias to fight Isis and Daesh.
Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of FORE INDIA.

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